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Node.js on VIP

Two types of Node.js applications are supported on the VIP Platform.

  • Decoupled / headless frontend: The REST API allows WordPress to operate in a decoupled / headless manner. Rather than a traditional PHP-driven theme, sites can be run as a static single-page application (SPA) or a fully isomorphic application (with server-side rendering). Both types are supported, and VIP offers some add-ons (like Redis) to make them even more complete.
  • Microservices / APIs: WordPress is flexible enough to support many different use cases, but not all of them. A companion microservice can be used to offload tasks that may not be well-suited for a typical WordPress app, such as a proxy for another API or service or a middleware layer like a GraphQL API.

Enabling New Relic for a Node.js environments requires a VIP Support request and installing the New Relic NPM package in the Node.js application.


An application must fulfill several requirements before it is able to run on VIP’s infrastructure.

Exposing a health check endpoint

The VIP Platform sends frequent health checks at this endpoint: /cache-healthcheck?. All Node.js applications must implement the health check endpoint using application code.

Production dependencies

Node.js applications on the VIP Platform must use npm to manage their dependencies. Use VIP-CLI to manage environment variables that need to be present when building and running the application.

VIP uses the dependencies and scripts defined in package.json to install, build, and start an application. Make sure all necessary packages needed for an application to run are publicly accessible and are added as dependencies and not devDependencies.

Only production dependencies are installed:

npm install --production

The build script allows an app to be compiled or perform any necessary tasks before being started. Even if an app does not require a build step, it is still expected that this script to be present. Use "build": "echo 'No build'" or equivalent to fulfill this requirement. The build script must complete successfully (exit with 0).

npm run build

After a successful build, VIP will start an app using the start script. Not all frameworks supply a start script, so an app may need to define one manually.

npm start

Dynamic PORT

VIP assigns a dynamic port to applications using the PORT environment variable. In order for an application to work correctly, it needs to start on the assigned port.

If an application’s port is declared in code, the assigned port can be accessed using process.env.PORT. Logic should be added to fall back to a default port if no port is assigned (i.e., in local development):

const PORT = process.env.PORT || 3000;

If an application’s port is defined in the start script in package.json, the assigned port can be accessed using $PORT:

"start": "frontity serve --port $PORT"

Stateless, immutable, and multi-container

All applications on VIP must be able to run across multiple containers and processes at the same time. This means that each deployment of a Node.js application must be stateless and immutable. The file system in the container is read-only and an application must not rely on absolute paths. If any data is stored in memory it will be lost on deployment or when containers are added or removed.

Data can be persisted elsewhere (e.g., in a WordPress application via the REST API or GraphQL). If a cache data is needed for later reuse, Redis can be deployed alongside the Node.js application.

No process monitors

For production deployment, an application does not need any process monitors (like nodemon or PM2) to handle restarts. This is handled automatically.

Example applications that fulfill all these requirements can be found in the Node.js skeleton starter repository.


For security and performance reasons, there are some paths that have special behavior across all applications hosted on VIP, even Node.js applications:

  • /wp-admin
  • /wp-content
  • /wp-includes
  • /wp-login

VIP recommends avoiding the use of these paths on Node.js sites. If one of these paths is needed to proxy or redirect a request matching a WordPress site, it should be rewritten. For example, redirect to

Last updated: November 23, 2022