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Troubleshooting

If issues are encountered when working with the VIP Local Development Environment, the first troubleshooting step should be verifying that the local machine is running up to date versions of VIP-CLI, Node.js, npm, and Docker.

Retrieve versions of VIP-CLI, Node.js, npm, and Docker with the command:

vip -v && node -v && npm -v && docker --version

Versions of VIP-CLI, Node.js, npm, and Docker on the local machine should always be kept up to date. Related errors can be indicators that a version update is needed.

VIP-CLI

Node.js

Docker

  • Symptom: Error: Failed to connect to docker. Please verify that the current user is part of docker group and has access to docker commands.
    This error often occurs due to the removal of the /var/run/docker.sock symlink, introduced in Docker 4.13.0 .
  • Update: To version 4.13.1 or newer.

--debug

Accepted values: @automattic/vip:bin:dev-environment

Passing the --debug option with dev-env subcommands returns verbose debugging details to command output. Passing the --debug option with the argument @automattic/vip:bin:dev-environment will filter out extraneous details and return only debugging output for the running dev-env subcommand.

For example:

vip dev-env start --debug=@automattic/vip:bin:dev-environment

Docker logs

The VIP Local Development Environment is composed of several docker containers. Reviewing the logs for individual containers can be useful for identifying if a single container is the cause of an issue. Logs for php-fpm and traefik containers often provide useful insights.

List all running containers for a local environment with the docker ps command:

 $ docker ps
CONTAINER ID   IMAGE                                                 COMMAND                  CREATED          STATUS          PORTS                                                                     NAMES
0a368d39d5fd   phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin:5.1.1                           "/lando-entrypoint.s…"   27 seconds ago   Up 25 seconds   127.0.0.1:49161->80/tcp                                                   vipdevviplocal_phpmyadmin_1
14161140202c   bitnami/elasticsearch:7.8.0                           "/lando-entrypoint.s…"   27 seconds ago   Up 25 seconds   9300/tcp, 127.0.0.1:49160->9200/tcp                                       vipdevviplocal_vip-search_1
9c66c331852e   wpvipdev/dev-tools:0.4                                "/lando-entrypoint.s…"   27 seconds ago   Up 25 seconds                                                                             vipdevviplocal_devtools_1
33e29bc0f254   ghcr.io/automattic/vip-container-images/php-fpm:7.4   "/lando-entrypoint.s…"   27 seconds ago   Up 25 seconds   9000/tcp                                                                  vipdevviplocal_php_1
	

Container names output by the docker ps command can be passed to the docker logs <name> command to retrieve the logs for a specific container.

In this example command, logs are retrieved for the vipdevviplocal_php_1 container:

docker logs vipdevviplocal_php_1

The environment is in a DOWN state

Information about a created local environment might show that the STATUS of the environment is DOWN, even after running vip dev-env start. To investigate possible causes for the environment to be in a DOWN state, run the start command again with the argument --debug=@automattic/vip:bin:dev-environment.

For example:

vip dev-env start --debug=@automattic/vip:bin:dev-environment

In the debugging output from the command in the terminal, locate a line that begins with DEBUG ==> scan results. Services that failed to start will display status=false in the scan results. Any services with status=false will cause the STATUS of the environment to be DOWN.

Example debugging output for DEBUG ==> scan results:

vip-local 13:32:45 DEBUG ==> scan results. url=http://vip-local.vipdev.lndo.site/, status=true, color=green, url=https://vip-local.vipdev.lndo.site/, status=true, color=green, url=http://*.vip-local.vipdev.lndo.site/, status=true, color=yellow, url=https://*.vip-local.vipdev.lndo.site/, status=true, color=yellow, url=http://localhost:55020, status=false, color=red, url=http://vip-local-pma.vipdev.lndo.site/, status=true, color=green

In the above output, http://localhost:55020 has returned status=false and did not pass reachability tests. Services that return status=false might have additional messaging in the debugging output that can be helpful in determining the cause.

For example, searching for http://localhost:55020 could return debugging output similar to this:

vip-local 13:32:40 DEBUG ==> checking to see if http://localhost:55020 is ready.
vip-local 13:32:40 DEBUG ==> scan failed for http://localhost:55020 code=ECONNREFUSED, message=connect ECONNREFUSED ::1:55020
vip-local 13:32:40 DEBUG ==> No response for http://localhost:55020. Setting to bad
vip-local 13:32:40 DEBUG ==> http://localhost:55020 not currently accessible

The above debug output indicates a possible port binding issue. Port binding issues can occur if the local machine is running another local environment solution, or services such as Apache, NGINX, php-fpm, or MySQL. A local environment will be unable to use a port if it is already occupied by a service running elsewhere. Ports may also be blocked if the local machine has a proxy, tunneling, or a security-related tool in place.

Networking configuration issues

Wildcard DNS resolution is leveraged in order to point to localhost: 127.0.0.1. It is possible for networking configurations on the local machine to prevent the local environment’s requested domain from resolving correctly.

Symptoms

  • The local environment is in a DOWN state.
  • Attempts to load the local environment’s domain in a browser return the error message “This site can’t be reached“.

Verify that the domain resolution on the local machine is correct by querying the DNS for the local environment’s domain. The command output should return an A Record with the value 127.0.0.1. For example:

;; ANSWER SECTION:
test.vipdev.lndo.site.	3600	IN	A	127.0.0.1

macOS

Use the dig command. For example: dig test.vipdev.lndo.site

Windows

Use the nslookup command. For example: nslookup test.vipdev.lndo.site

Resolving DNS issues

If the returned A Record for the domain is blank, unexpected network settings are preventing the local environment’s DNS from pointing to the IP address 127.0.0.1.

To resolve this issue, DNS settings on the local machine can be updated to point to a specific IPv4 address, such as Google’s DNS.

It is possible for the DNS for a local environment’s domain to correctly point at the localhost, but for proxies, tunneling, or security-related tools to prevent traffic to that domain from resolving as expected.

To investigate, use the curl command to verify that an environment is reachable and review the returned headers for more information about possible causes for the issue. Include the -v switch in the curl command to return all headers in the command output.

In this command example, the returned headers include the X-Powered-By: WordPress VIP header. The presence of this header indicates that traffic is correctly directed to the local environment, and a network setting on the local machine or the machine’s ISP is causing the DNS issue.

$ curl -v -o /dev/null test.vipdev.lndo.site
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
  0     0    0     0    0     0      0      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--     0*   Trying 127.0.0.1:80...
* TCP_NODELAY set
* Connected to test.vipdev.lndo.site (127.0.0.1) port 80 (#0)
> GET / HTTP/1.1
> Host: test.vipdev.lndo.site
> User-Agent: curl/7.68.0
> Accept: */*
> 
* Mark bundle as not supporting multiuse
< HTTP/1.1 200 OK
< Content-Type: text/html; charset=UTF-8
< Date: Tue, 17 May 2022 13:05:32 GMT
< Host-Header: a9130478a60e5f9135f765b23f26593b
< Link: <https://test.vipdev.lndo.site/wp-json/>; rel="https://api.w.org/"
< Server: nginx/1.21.6
< X-Hacker: If you're reading this, you should visit wpvip.com/careers and apply to join the fun, mention this header.
< X-Powered-By: WordPress VIP <https://wpvip.com>
< X-Robots-Tag: noindex, nofollow
< Transfer-Encoding: chunked
< 
{ [32589 bytes data]
100 80776    0 80776    0     0   355k      0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--  355k
* Connection #0 to host test.vipdev.lndo.site left intact

A Docker version of the curl command can be used as an alternative. For example:

docker run -it --rm --network=host curl -v -o /dev/null test.vipdev.lndo.site

Last updated: November 04, 2022